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Full text of "The story of Louisville's own university"

T^^ Story 0/ Louis- 
ville's Own Uni- 
versity ^ '^ ^ 

Being The Record of ninety 
Years Service to The City 
of Louisville "-^ "^^ "-^ 



1837 



THE UNIVERSITY OF LOUISVILLE 
111 West Chestnut Street 

Louisville, Ky. 






Li ^ 



Historical 

1837 — The people of Louisville found the first municipal 
university in America. 

1847 — The University of Louisville receives its charter by an 
act^of the Legislature of Kentucky» 

1 907 — Tlie College of Liberal Arts and Sciences is founded. 

1908 — A coalition of the schools of medicine of Louisville is 
effected under the leadership of the School of Medicine 
of the University, 

1910 — The City of Louisville begins to appropriate funds 
annually for the support of its University. 

1918 — The Louisville College of Dentistry is reorganized as 
the School of Dentistry of the University . 

1922 — The School of Medicine under civic authorities becomes 
responsible for the professional service of the Louisville 
City Hospital. 

1 924 — Free tuition in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences 
is granted students who are residents of Louisville. 

1925— The Speed Scientific School, founded by the $250,000 
gift of W. S. Speed and Mrs. F. M. Sackett. children 
of James B. Speed, is opened. 

The people of Louisville pass a $1,000,000 bond issue 
for a plant for the University. 

Mrs. James B. Speed gives the University the Speed 
Memorial Art Museum. 

1926 — The University announces its plan to raise a $2,000,000 
endowment fund by popular subscription. 



I 



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The Oldest Municipal University 
In America 



A 



MASS meeting held ninety years ago in the 
old Liberal Methodist Church that ' used to 
stand at the corner of Fourth and Green Streets 
marked the beginning of a new chapter in the his- 
tory of American education. Plans for the first 
municipal university in the United States were 
perfected on that March night in 1837 and later 
they were passed on by the General Council of the 
City of Louisville. 

Louisville can now look back over the years 
with considerable pride to the little university 
that was started then with a gift of $50,000 in 
cash and a site the size of a city block. For years 
afterward its School of Law and its School of 
Medicine stood side by side. Its small faculty was 
poorly paid. The only income was the meager 
tuition fees, and yet the institution persisted and 
grew. Its fame had spread so widely that shortly 
after the beginning of the new century the Univer- 
sity of Louisville could count more than 20,000 
alumni. Graduates of its law school were sitting 
on the higher judicial tribunals of the country; 
graduates of its medical school were figures of 
national prominence. 



131 



In 1907 the University of Louisville founded a 
College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. In 1910 
for the first time the City of Louisville began to 
provide annual funds for the support of the Univer- 
sity. In 1918 a School of Dentistry was added. 
In 1925 the Speed Scientific School was founded 
and in the same year the people of Louisville 
passed by em overwhelming vote a $1,000,000 
bond issue for a new plant and physical equip- 
ment for the University. Without wealth, without 
class distinction, aided only by a few friends, 
Louisville's University has worked its way forward 
into the front remk of the universities of the South. 
It is a plain story, this story of a humble beginning 
and an abiding faith, but after years of uphill 
struggle the University of Louisville now stands at 
the threshold of its fulfillment. 

A Record of Service 

Never before in the history of America has 
there been such a clamor at college gates as there 
is today. Higher education has become as neces- 
sary as high school training was thirty years ago. 
The gates of all universities are not, however, 
opened to every boy or girl who seeks admission. 
The University of Louisville tells a different story 
for no one with the necessary entrance require- 
ments ever finds the door barred. No Louisville 
student is kept on a "waiting list." Last year two- 
thirds of the local high school students who went to 
college entered the University of Louisville. Today 



14] 



77 per cent of the University's enrollment are stu- 
dents whose homes are in Louisville or its vicinity. 

Why did they select the city's University? 
There was no outlay for transportation or for 
room and board. There was no tuition to be 
paid, only a nominal registration and laboratory 
fee, if they entered the College of Liberal Arts. 
In other schools of the University, their fees were 
arranged to cover less than half the cost of their 
education. They did not have to leave home to 
enjoy the fullest advantages of a higher education 
in a University whose educational standards are 
equal to the best in the South. It was as if their 
opportunity were just next door. 

Out-of-town students paid for all these educa- 
tional advantages in order to enter the University. 
In the College of Liberal Arts it cost them $150 
for tuition; in addition to other fees, they also paid 
transportation to and from their homes and the 
cost of maintenance while they lived here. And 
yet the attraction of the University to out-of-town 
students is constantly increasing, for this year 283 
students were entered from 35 states and 10 foreign 
countries. 

Still the University moves ahead at a rapid 
rate. During the last ten yeeirs enrollment has 
averaged a ten per cent increase. On October 1, 
1926 there were 1,305 students as against 950 the 
year before. At that rate next summer's enroll- 
ment will be nearly 1,800. If the past decade has 
been remarkable, the future is filled with still 
greater promise. 



151 



Education and Health 



r I "HE service of the University of Louisville is not 
L limited by its walls. It has become, unknown 
to many people, an important factor in the educa- 
tion and health of the great city that lies without. 
Hiere is not a secondary school or other 
educational center in Louisville that is not influ- 
enced by standards set by the University. Under- 
graduates in the Educational Department are sent 
out regularly to teach in the public schools without 
cost to the city. Public school teachers are drawn 
in increasing numbers to the annual summer 
sessions of the University. When additional funds 
are made available, the extramural activities will 
be extended to include a well organized system of 
evening schools, extension courses and public 
lectureships. 

Who are the guardians of the health of Louis- 
ville? They are the men the University has 
trained. In Louisville the University can count 
332 physicians and surgeons and 153 dentists 
among its alumni. Its School of Medicine under 
civic authorities has been made responsible for the 
professional service of the Louisville City Hospital 
where many of the poor of the city are cared for. 



16] 



Year in and year out University medical students 
assist the hospital staff in giving care, as they did 
last year, to 49,266 Louisville patients. Students 
of the School of Dentistry treated 7,630 more 
patients both in the hospital and in the big clinic 
room of their own school building. 

Health officers, sanitary inspectors emd nurses 
have been trained by the University in co-opera- 
tion with the State Board of Health. In dealing 
with local health problems the advice of the 
faculty members is constantly sought. In put- 
ting through city health campaigns civic organ- 
izations enlist the full support of the University. 
In one of these campaigns last year more than 
7,000 public school children were examined by the 
students of the School of Dentistry. But the 
University of Louisville has helped the sick and 
suffering only as part of its daily routine. 

A Great Laboratory 

There is still another field of service in which 
the University has recently extended its activities, 
namely the field of local industry. Now the local 
manufacturer or builder may come to the Univer- 
sity with his technical problems for advice or 
solution. All of the facilities of the Speed Scien- 
tific School are opened to the use of the city depart- 
ments and local engineering societies. Scientific 
students work in a dozen Louisville industries or 
on engineering projects as a part of their training 
during their sophomore and junior years when 



[7] 



mm 




they divide their time equally between class room 
smd factory. 

For the first time technical institutes were 
inaugurated this year by the Speed Scientific 
School. Architects, representatives of public utili- 
ty companies and factory managers were invited 
to confer with technical experts the University had 
brought to the city. Today this one school of the 
University stands as a big laboratory for all Louis- 
ville's industries. 

Its Value In Money 

What is the cash value of the University to 
the city? A million and a quarter per year. This 
amount, a recent survey showed, was expended 
annually by students in local stores, churches, 
amusements, transportation companies, etc. Tlie 
figure is much closer $1,500,000 if the expenditures 
of faculty members and their families are included. 
No matter what business conditions may be, this 
large income to the city not only remains con- 
stcint; but each year it grows steadily as student 
enrollment increases. Figures compiled from the 
survey show that in a single year students spent 
$67,860 for books, $189,225 for clothing, $142,245 
for amusements, $28,710 for shoes, $16,965 for 
church purposes, $384,975 for food. $207,495 for 
lodging, $74,385 for transportation and $161,820 
for miscellaneous items. 

If the University were elsewhere than in this 
city, Louisville would be the loser. Because it is 



[81 



here, not only does business profit but p)arents 
of students, too, are saved as much as $600,000 
annually compared with the cost of sending their 
sons euid daughters away to college. 

An Asset to the City 

To many people throughout the country the 
City of Louisville is better known now for its 
University than for any other institution. Its 
alumni live in every state of the Union. Wherever 
they go, the name of Louisville and of its Univer- 
sity go with them. 

Among the 344 practicing attorneys in the 
city, the University numbers 207 of its former law 
students. Its faculty, alumni and students are 
behind city churches which represent the strongest 
moral force in the community. Orgemizations 
whose purpose is civic betterment and progress 
have recruited members from among the Univer- 
sity's personnel. The institution is constantly 
drawing to the city more students who, after 
graduation, make Louisville their home. Such 
young men and women, capable, intelligent and 
well trained, give the leaven of their abilities to 
the community and, in some cases, of their leader- 
ship and genius. 



The Greater University 



Oi 



HE University of Louisville is still a great 
urban university in the making although it 
has been in continuous existence for almost a 
century. It has five well organized schools, a 
faculty of 227 and a large and loyal student body. 
It has adequate buildings for its School of Medicine 
and its School of Dentistry in the downtovsTi sec- 
tion of Louisville, and a beautiful campus site of 
forty acres ideally located at Third and Shipp 
Streets. This site has been cleared of debt, the 
first new buildings are being added, and plans for 
a greater University of Louisville are now under 
way, a greater University with more departments, 
more schools and more buildings equipped to train 
at least 4,000 students. 

But this vision of a greater University of Louis- 
ville will never be realized unless the permanence 
of the present structure is secured. The Univer- 
sity is now facing the most important crisis in its 
long career because its growth is endangered by 
lack of funds. The University has had to shoulder 
responsibilities that are far in excess of its limited 
income. It can afford to keep only 76 of the 227 
members of its teaching staff on a full-time basis. 



[10] 



It is not able to pay adequate salaries nor can it 
make additions to the faculty when needed. Heads 
of departments receive at most $3,400 per year; 
instructors are paid as little as $1,400. In spite 
of the tremendous gain in living costs in the last 
five years, faculty salaries have increased only 
1 .5 per cent. Under the terms of the act author- 
izing the city bond issue of $1,000,000, t|je entire 
amount can be used only to pay for grounds, 
buildings and equipment. Not a dollar of it can 
be used for operating expenses. 

The University will have to add new depart- 
ments and schools if it is to maintain its place 
among other great educational institutions. Special 
courses to train promising young men for local 
industries, a department of fine arts and another 
of business administration would be inaugurated 
now if funds were available. 

As a great municipal institution, the Univer- 
sity of Louisville must be enabled to give university 
training to people of mature minds through a 
system of evening classes and extension courses. 
It must bring to the city noted public speakers for 
lectures that would be open to the general public. 
Funds for a general library are needed. The 
University has already acquired, principally 
through private gift, a collection of 9,700 volumes, 
but a library of this character can do its full serv- 
ice to students and faculty only when it is properly 
maintained and new volumes are constantly added. 

How is the University supported? By its 
tuition fees and by the proceeds of a tax levied 



in; 



annually by the General Council of the city as 
part of the city budget. The mciximum tax per- 
mitted by law is five cents on each one hundred 
dollars of assessed valuation. Up to this time the 
levy has never been more than four and three- 
quarter cents. Last year this tax produced $ 1 49,639 
but a much larger sum must be forthcoming now 
to meet current expenses. The municipality can- 
not guarantee sufficient revenue each succeeding 
year to meet the increasing needs of the University 
without imposing heavy burdens on city tax pay- 
ers. Where, then, can the University look for help 
if not from the city? Should students be required 
to pay more? It actually costs the University 
each year $170 for each student it enrolls; the 
ready solution is to increase tuition, but this would 
only work hardship on many students. Some 
who could not afford to pay would be deprived 
of their rightful privilege of a higher education. 
The University of Louisville stands for equal op- 
portunity in education and if it should accept only 
the favored of fortune, it would defeat its own 
purpose. 




^ 



121 



'Build an Endowment Fund 



ONE other source of income remains to be 
mentioned — the University Ejidowment. At 
present this is regrettably small — $265,000, and 
of this the greater part — $250,000 — is restricted to 
the use of one only of the five schools. The solu- 
tion of the University's problem lies in building 
up its unrestricted endowment. The University 
proposes to take care of the needs of each of 
its departments, following through a constructive 
program over a period of years. When this has 
been accomplished, then, emd only then will the 
greater University of Louisville stand strong and 
firm on a sound financial basis. 

This is no new idea. The University authori- 
ties have carefully been considering the plan for 
several years before they finally decided to appeal 
to the people of Louisville for help. A MINI- 
MUM FUND OF $2,000,000 FOR ENDOW- 
MENT IS NEEDED. The University has faith- 
fully served the people of this community for 
ninety years but this is the first time that it has 
ever made a public appeal for help. What the 
people of other great American cities have done 
toward insuring the future of their great univer- 



1131 



si ties, tKe University of Louisville knows that its 
own city, too, can do. 

Other Cities Have Done It 

Six years ago 24,000 Buffalo citizens gave 
$5,177,000 within ten days as an endowment fund 
for the University of Buffalo. Two other private 
gifts totalled $500,000. The City of Cincinnati 
raised an endowment fund of $5,271,234 for the 
University of Cincinnati. Alumni and other private 
contributions added $627,295 to endowment and 
since 1924 Cincinnatians have also given buildings 
whose total cost is $1,007,000. 

Rochester, N. Y.. raised $12,378,000 for the 
University of Rochester, of which $8,500,000 was 
the gift of one citizen alone. Alumni contributed 
another $1,125,000. Citizens and corporations of 
Pittsburgh subscribed $7,000,000 for the Univer- 
sity of Pittsburgh. New York City is now 
actively engaged in a campaign to raise $47,750,000 
for New York University. What the people of 
Louisville are being asked to give is only a fraction 
of what the people of other cities have already 
given. 

A ^2,000,000 Plea 

Today municipalities in America have built up 
the greatest system of public schools and univer- 
sities in the world because the American people 
believe in the democratic principle of equal educa- 
tional opportunity. The University of Louisville 



is a link in this great chain of urban universities. 
The $2,000,000 it needs is just a little more than 
is turned back every year to the city through 
student expenditures. More than providing for 
its present needs, the University asks that it be 
enabled to insure the right of future generations 
of children to a higher education in their own city. 
Tlie success of this $2,000,000 plea, one of the 
greatest civic projects ever undertaken in this 
city, depends on the good will and the financial 
support of every Louisville citizen. Each one 
should accept a personal responsibility and be 
ready to give according to his conscience and his 
me£uis. Gifts are payable in installments an- 
nually, semi-annually or at the convenience of the 
donor over a five year period ending May 31, 1932. 
Securities as gifts are acceptable at their market 
value. Make checks payable to "The University 
of Louisville Ejidowment Fund," \ \ \ West Chest- 
nut Street, Louisville, Kentucky. 

Insure It Forever — 

Louisville's University 



[151 






University of Louisville 
Two Million Dollar Endowment Fund 

BOARD OF TRUSTEES 

George Colvin, President 

Arthur D. Allen Edward S. Jouett 

John W. Barr. Jr. Fred W. Keisker 

Helm Bruce J. C. Murphy 

Dr. Harry A. Davidson Alfred Selligman 

William Heyburn William S. Speed 

ENDOWMENT FUND ASSOCIATION 

Dr. Irvin Abell William Heyburn 

Arthur D. Allen C. F. Huhlein 

Lafon Allen Alex P. Humphrey 

John W. Barr, Jr. Churchill Humphrey 

Alex G. Barret Lewis C. Humphrey 

W. B. Belknap Henry M. Johnson 

I. W. Bemheim Edward S. Jouett 

Robert W. Bingham Marvin H. Lewis 

Alfred Brandeis C. H. Moorman 

Helm Bruce F. M. Sackett 

Wm. Marshall Bullitt William S. Speed 

Dr. Harry A. Davidson C. C. StoU 

Oscar Fenley Embry L. Swearingen 



1 1 1 West Chestnut Street i Main 2362 

Louisville, Kentucky. Phones | j^^j^^ 2343 



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